Unisa Medical Science has published a new study on the role of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in childhood and in adults.
The study was published in the British Medical Journal.
The researchers conducted a retrospective cohort study of 4,723 people aged between two and 35 years old and had autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) assessed in an outpatient clinic setting.
The authors say that there was no difference in the number of autistic children in the two age groups and that the children were not diagnosed as having autism spectrum and were just diagnosed with Asperger’s syndrome.
The findings of the study are the first to show no link between the presence of ASD and the occurrence of autistic disorders.
“The data presented here are the strongest evidence yet to show that the presence or absence of ASD does not determine whether individuals develop ASDs,” they write.
“Our findings do not support the suggestion that the higher rate of autism found in ASD patients may be due to a difference in diagnosis.
This finding also does not provide any support for the idea that the increased rate of ASD in children with ASDs may be a consequence of more frequent or prolonged use of anti-psychotic medications.”
What you need to know about ASDsWhat is Aspergers syndrome?
Autism spectrum disorder is a spectrum of cognitive, social, and behavioural disorders characterized by difficulties with social interaction and communication.
It affects 1.4 million children and adults worldwide.
How is autism diagnosed?
Autistic disorders are diagnosed using a combination of standard medical tests and behavioral and psychosocial assessments.
The latest available assessment measures the level of impairment on a scale from 0 to 10.
The diagnosis of autism is made by a doctor using a validated form.
A range of other criteria, such as family history of autism, physical examination, and psychiatric history, can also be used to support the diagnosis.
The diagnostic criteria for autism are:Difficulty in social interaction; social interaction difficulties, including repetitive or difficult speech; difficulty in social communication with others; repetitive and difficult motor skills; difficulties in social interactions with others, particularly children; and difficulties with language.
In the latest report, the authors said that the prevalence of ASDs in the United Kingdom was 3.6% for children and 2.9% for adults.
This compares with 2.4% in the US and 3.1% in Canada.
The report found that the highest rates of ASD were found in children and teenagers with the greatest likelihood of having ASDs.
In total, the researchers estimated that there were 3.3 million people aged under two years in the UK who were diagnosed with ASD in 2017.
“Although the risk of autism among children is low, there are also some risks for adults,” they wrote.
“Autism is a very treatable condition and a range of interventions can reduce the severity of ASD.
However, the risk may be increased by the high rate of ASD among children and adolescents.”
They added:”For some people with ASD, including those with autism, this may mean that the symptoms are masked, or that the severity is increased.
This can lead to a reduction in self-esteem and depression.”
The findings come at a time when research on autism is getting increasingly attention from medical experts.
The American Psychiatric Association’s latest guidelines state that autism is a “disease of considerable importance to society”.
The Royal College of Psychiatrists has released a statement saying it is “increasingly clear” that autism does not have a “universal genetic basis”.
The Scottish Government said it is working with the research to improve the diagnosis and treatment of people with autism.
Autism UK has said the findings are “very encouraging”.